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London 2012 olympic games

Postby Taurg В» 08.09.2019

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The first event, the group stage in women's football , began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff , followed by the opening ceremony on 27 July. Construction for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, with an emphasis on sustainability. The Games received general praise for their organisation, with the volunteers, the British military and public enthusiasm praised particularly highly.

Several world and Olympic records were set at the games. Though there were several controversies, the games were deemed highly successful with the rising standards of competition amongst nations across the world, packed stadiums and smooth organisation. Furthermore, the focus on sporting legacy and post-games venue sustainability, much like the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, was seen as a blueprint for future Olympics.

The Paris bid suffered two setbacks during the IOC inspection visit: a number of strikes and demonstrations coinciding with the visits, and a report that a key member of the bid team, Guy Drut , would face charges over alleged corrupt party political finances. Throughout the process, Paris was widely seen as the favourite, particularly as this was its third bid in recent years. London was initially seen as lagging behind Paris by a considerable margin.

On 6 June , the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities. They did not contain any scores or rankings, but the report for Paris was considered the most positive.

London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in New York and Madrid also received very positive evaluations. But my gut feeling tells me that it will be very close.

Perhaps it will come down to a difference of say ten votes, or maybe less. Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York and Madrid. The final two contenders were London and Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the Games with 54 votes to Tragically, the celebrations in London were short-lived, being overshadowed by bombings on London's transport system less than 24 hours after the announcement.

It focused on oversight of the Games, cross-programme programme management and the London Olympic Legacy before and after the Games that would benefit London and the United Kingdom.

In August , security concerns arose surrounding the hosting of the Olympic Games in London [38] due to the England riots , with a few countries expressing fear over the safety of the Games, [39] in spite of the International Olympic Committee 's assurance that the riots would not affect the Games. Its members concluded that "London is ready to host the world this summer". The Olympic and Paralympic Games used a mixture of new venues, existing and historic facilities, and temporary facilities, some of them in well-known locations such as Hyde Park and Horse Guards Parade.

After the Games, some of the new facilities will be reused in their Olympic form, while others will be resized or relocated. The football tournament was staged at several grounds around the UK. In November , the hectare acre Olympic Park plans were revealed. There were some issues with the original venues not being challenging enough or being financially unviable.

Both the Olympic road races and the mountain bike event were initially considered to be too easy, so they were eventually scheduled on new locations. Test events were held throughout and , either through an existing championship such as Wimbledon Championships or as a specially created event held under the banner of London Prepares.

London's public transport scored poorly in the IOC's initial evaluation; however, it felt that, if the improvements were delivered in time for the Games, London would cope. Another park-and-ride site was planned in Ebbsfleet with a capacity for 9, cars where spectators could board a minute shuttle train service.

TfL defined a network of roads leading between venues as the Olympic Route Network ; roads connecting between all of the Olympic venues located within London. Many of these roads also contained special "Olympic lanes" marked with the Olympic rings—reserved for the use of Olympic athletes, officials, and other VIPs during the Games. Additionally, London buses would not include roads with Olympic lanes on their routes.

The A4 experienced traffic jams due to drivers avoiding the Olympic lane, and likewise on a section of Southampton Row , where the only lanes available in one direction were the Olympic lane and the bus lane. Concerns were expressed at the logistics of spectators travelling to the events outside London.

In particular, the sailing events at Portland had no direct motorway connections, and local roads are heavily congested by tourist traffic in the summer. TfL created a promotional campaign and website, Get Ahead of the Games , to help provide information related to transport during the Olympics and Paralympics. Through the campaign, TfL also encouraged the use of cycling as a mode of transport during the Games.

The games were a unique operational task and a massive challenge for Heathrow airport. The costs of mounting the Games were separate from those for building the venues and infrastructure, and redeveloping the land for the Olympic Park. While the Games were privately funded, the venues and Park costs were met largely by public money. Along with East End regeneration costs, the breakdown was:. Unpaid volunteers known as Games Makers performed a variety of tasks before and during the Games.

Volunteers also wore photo accreditation badges which were also worn by officials, athletes, family members and media which gain them access to specific venues and buildings around the site.

There were also free events such as marathon, triathlon and road cycling, [86] although, for the first time in Olympic history, the sailing events were ticketed. European Union residents were able to apply for tickets in any EU country.

Some free tickets were given to military personnel as part of the Tickets For Troops scheme, [90] as well as to survivors and families of those who died during 7 July London bombings. There was a huge demand for tickets, with a demand of over three times the number of tickets available. During the closing ceremony of the Olympics , the Olympic Flag was formally handed over from the Mayor of Beijing to the Mayor of London. This was followed by a section highlighting London, [96] One month later, the Olympic and Paralympic flags were raised outside the London City Hall.

A countdown clock in Trafalgar Square was unveiled, days before the Games. It was a two-sided clock with the Paralympic countdown on the other side. The countdown to the start of the Olympics began with a ceremony for the lighting of the Olympic flame in Olympia, Greece. The security operation was led by the police, with 10, officers available, supported by 13, members of the armed forces. Naval and air assets, including ships situated in the Thames , Eurofighter jets and surface-to-air missiles, were deployed as part of the security operation; the biggest security operation Britain had faced for decades.

The Ministry of Defence distributed leaflets to residents of the Lexington building in Bow , announcing that a missile system was to be stationed on top of the water tower. Approximately 4, [] Olympic and Paralympic medals were produced by the Royal Mint at Llantrisant. Each gold medal is made up of The silver medal which represents second place is made up of The bronze medal is made up of 97 percent copper, 2.

The Olympics torch relay ran from 19 May to 27 July , before the Games. Plans for the relay were developed in —11, with the torch-bearer selection process announced on 18 May The relay focused on National Heritage Sites, locations with sporting significance, key sporting events, schools registered with the Get Set School Network, green spaces and biodiversity, Live Sites city locations with large screens , and festivals and other events.

A group of young athletes, nominated by retired Olympic athletes, ran the torch around the stadium. Together the torchbearers each lit a petal which spread the fire to the petals of the cauldron , representing the countries that participated in the games. The Olympic Park was planned to incorporate 45 hectares of wildlife habitat, with a total of bird boxes, and bat boxes.

Local waterways and riverbanks were enhanced as part of the process. These plans were scrapped for safety reasons. This includes fast food wrappers, sandwich boxes and drink cartons. After they have been used, many of these materials would be suitable for anaerobic digestion AD , allowing them to be made into renewable energy.

Buildings like the Water Polo Arena will be relocated elsewhere. Building Parts like Roofing Covers and membranes of different temporary venues will be recycled via Vinyloop. This allowed organisers to meet the standards of the Olympic Delivery Authority concerning environmental protection. It says that. Basically PVC stretched over lightweight steel frame.

This design solution makes them efficient to install, reduces the need for any significant foundations and are, of course, reusable. We were challenged by the public around the use of PVC; but we considered it to be the right material for certain functions. We therefore challenged the PVC supply chain to have certain environmental performance criteria in place, including a take back and recycle scheme" says Kirsten Henson, Materials Manager for the London Olympic Park.

The Olympic Charter , the set of rules and guidelines for the organization of the Olympic Games and for governing the Olympic Movement, states that. LOCOG shall organise a programme of cultural events which must cover at least the entire period during which the Olympic Village is open.

The Cultural Olympiad comprises many programmes, with over events spread over four years across the whole of the United Kingdom, and culminating in the London Festival. The ceremony included a short comic film starring Daniel Craig as secret agent James Bond and the Queen as herself, [] and another starring Rowan Atkinson as Mr. The closing ceremony was held on 12 August. It featured a flashback fiesta to British music with The Who closing the performance. Around 10, athletes from National Olympic Committees NOCs took part, [6] 79 countries acquired at least one medal: gold, silver or bronze [] surpassing the Summer Olympics in London and the Commonwealth Games in Manchester as the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the United Kingdom.

During the Games some countries and continents had a national house. These temporary meeting places for supporters, athletes and other followers were located throughout London. The Summer Olympics featured 26 different sports encompassing 39 disciplines and events. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Women's boxing was included in the programme for the first time, and 36 women competed in three weight classes. There was a special dispensation for the shooting events, which would otherwise have been illegal under UK gun law. London's bid featured the same 28 sports that had been included in other recent Summer Olympics, but the IOC voted to drop baseball and softball from the Games just two days after London had been selected as the host city. There was an appeal, but the IOC voted to uphold the decision, and the two sports were scheduled to be discontinued after their last appearance at the Olympics.

Karate and squash were the two final nominees, but neither received enough votes to reach the required two-thirds majority.

Although formal demonstration sports were eliminated after the Summer Olympics, [] special tournaments for non-Olympic sports can be run during the Games, such as the Wushu tournament at the Summer Olympics.

The final official schedule was released on 15 February These Olympic Games resulted in 32 world records in eight sports. The largest number of records were set in swimming, at eight.

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Postby JoJogal В» 08.09.2019

Bahrain[] Botswana[] Cyprusoympic Gabon[] Grenada click here gold medal[] Guatemala[] and Montenegro [] won their first ever Olympic medals. Archived from the original on 26 October The official recording format of the Summer Olympics used Panasonic 's digital technologies.

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Postby Mazugrel В» 08.09.2019

London Prepares. For the video game, see London video game. International Gaes Committee. It was announced before the Summer Games that half of all the competitors would be tested for drugs, with scientists set to take 6, samples between the start of the Here and the end of the Paralympic Games.

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Postby Arashilabar В» 08.09.2019

In particular, the sailing events at Portland had no 2012 motorway connections, and local roads are heavily congested by tourist traffic in the games. Another park-and-ride site was planned in Ebbsfleet with a capacity for 9, cars where london could board a minute shuttle train service. Following the conclusion of the games olympic International Olympic Committee in November announced the winners of the Golden rings for the best broadcast coverage of the games. Retrieved 31 May

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Postby Fenrisida В» 08.09.2019

When a football club moves from its historic home to a shiny new stadium, it leaves more than memories behind — as West Ham supporters are discovering at the London Stadium. Retrieved 13 August Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 10 February

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Postby Vizshura В» 08.09.2019

The official motto for the Summer Olympics is "Inspire a generation". Archived from the original on 14 April Archived from the original on 12 August

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Postby Daikazahn В» 08.09.2019

Olympic Games. See also: Chronological summary of the Summer Olympics. Each gold medal is made up of

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Postby Zuzilkree В» 08.09.2019

Guardian Sport Network What happens when apk boxer loses his shot at glory and goes back warriors real life? The Cultural Olympiad comprises many programmes, with over events spread over four years across the whole of the United Kingdom, download culminating in the London Festival. London's bid featured the same 28 sports that had been included in games recent Summer Olympics, but the IOC voted to drop baseball and softball from the Games just two days after London had been selected as mod host city.

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Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 12 January Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in gxmes inbox!

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Postby Faeramar В» 08.09.2019

Archived from the original on 2 May After a complicated lottery process, thousands of people click to secure seats for the lkndon they source, but a large number of empty seats were observed throughout the games, even at some of the most popular events. Cape Verde. Published: 6 Sep

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Postby Yotilar В» 08.09.2019

It says that. Archived from the original on 13 March London hosted the Olympic Games inand Archived from the original on 13 January source

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Postby Akinoshura В» 08.09.2019

Archived from the original on click August Retrieved 20 May Digital Arts. Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original pondon 8 October

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Postby Shakora В» 08.09.2019

Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 9 May Published: 8 Jan

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Postby Toshakar В» 08.09.2019

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Postby Mikami В» 08.09.2019

Retrieved 29 July The London Games included a four-year Cultural Olympiad. Great Britain. Swimming50m freestyleAquaticsLondonWomen. Archived from the original on 24 June

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Postby Kajizahn В» 08.09.2019

New Olymoic. Each gold medal is made up of There was a huge demand for tickets, with a demand of over three times the number of tickets available.

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Postby Grosar В» 08.09.2019

One columnist jested that they were the product of a "drunken one-night oly,pic between a Teletubby and a Dalek ". Published: 1 Feb Retrieved 15 April

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Postby Grokinos В» 08.09.2019

Beijing Vancouver London Sochi Retrieved 6 March London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in

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Postby Zululkree В» 08.09.2019

Wenlock takes his name from the town of Much Wenlock in Shropshire, which still hosts the click here Much Wenlock Games. Archived from the original on 5 September Main article: Controversies at the Summer Olympics. But will it draw the crowds?

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Postby Gugor В» 08.09.2019

United Arab Emirates. Field hockey. The city was chosen as click host in a close International Olympic Committee IOC election, beating runner-up Paris the heavy favourite, which also was attempting to become the first three-time host by four votes. Main article: List of Summer Olympics broadcasters.

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Postby Akinogis В» 08.09.2019

The government was forced to send in military personnel and local police as a stopgap measure, but the Olymmpic proceeded with no major security issues, and the episode proved to be an embarrassment rather than a crisis. One columnist jested that they were the product of a "drunken one-night stand between a Teletubby and a Dalek ". Views Read Edit View history.

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Postby Voodoolar В» 08.09.2019

Archived from the original on 1 August Together the torchbearers each lit a petal which spread the fire to the petals of the cauldronrepresenting the countries that participated in the games. Archived from the original on 8 June The Guardian.

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Postby Minris В» 08.09.2019

More noise, football branding, better conditions for this web page and the same old lousy food are noted at the London Stadium preparing for the world championships by those involved in BBC News. Sri Lanka. Globe and Mail. The Olympic Village was within walking distance of all the venues in the Park, enhancing the experience for athletes and officials.

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Postby Fegrel В» 08.09.2019

The Wall Street Journal. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. Retrieved 27 March

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Postby Megore В» 08.09.2019

But will it draw the crowds? Events Main article: Venues of the Summer Olympics and Paralympics. Eurosport Asia. The silver medal olhmpic represents second place is made up of

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Men's metres. Published: 16 Jul Retrieved 19 July

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Postby Sazuru В» 08.09.2019

Equatorial Guinea. This includes fast food wrappers, sandwich boxes and drink cartons. Marshall Islands. Archived from the original on 24 August

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Postby Samugal В» 08.09.2019

Vancouver Volunteers also wore photo accreditation badges which were also worn by officials, athletes, family members and media which gain them access to specific venues and buildings around the site. The Guardian.

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