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Gambling card games

History of games

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517 posts В• Page 124 of 448

Gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Zulubei В» 17.12.2019

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The history of games dates to the ancient human past. Games are formalized expressions of play which allow people to go beyond immediate imagination and direct physical activity.

Common features of games include uncertainty of outcome, agreed upon rules, competition, separate place and time, elements of fiction, elements of chance, prescribed goals and personal enjoyment. Games capture the ideas and worldviews of their cultures and pass them on to the future generation. Games were important as cultural and social bonding events, as teaching tools and as markers of social status.

As pastimes of royalty and the elite, some games became common features of court culture and were also given as gifts. Games such as Senet and the Mesoamerican ball game were often imbued with mythic and ritual religious significance. In his book, Homo Ludens , Dutch cultural historian Johan Huizinga argued that games were a primary condition of the generation of human cultures.

Some of the most common pre-historic and ancient gaming tools were made of bone, especially from the Talus bone , these have been found worldwide and are the ancestors of knucklebones as well as dice games. Other implements could have included shells, stones and sticks. In ancient civilizations there was no clear distinction between the sacred and the profane. Similar pieces have been found in Syria and Iraq and seem to point to board games having originated in the Fertile Crescent.

This game was also known and played in Egypt. A Babylonian treatise on the game written on clay tablet shows that the game had astronomical significance and that it could also be used to tell one's fortune. The artefacts include two dice and 60 checkers. The Byzantine game Tabula is a descendant of the game of twelve points.

The players strategically moved their pieces based on the throw of sticks or bones. The goal was to reach the edge of the board first. Senet slowly evolved over time to reflect the religious beliefs of the Egyptians.

The pieces represented human souls and their movement was based on the journey of the soul in the afterlife. Each square had a distinct religious significance, with the final square being associated with the union of the soul with the sun god Re-Horakhty.

The gaming board consisted of two sets of 29 holes. Ten small pegs with either jackal or dog heads were used for playing. In Ancient Greece and in the Roman Empire , popular games included ball games Episkyros , Harpastum , Expulsim Ludere - a kind of handball , dice games Tesserae , knucklebones , Bear games , Tic-tac-toe Terni Lapilli , Nine men's morris mola and various types of board games similar to checkers.

Both Plato and Homer mention board games called 'petteia' games played with pessoi', i. According to Plato, they are all Egyptian in origin. The name 'petteia' seems to be a generic term for board game and refers to various games. One such game was called 'poleis' city states and was a game of battle on a checkered board.

The Romans played a derivation of 'petteia' called 'latrunculi' or Ludus latrunculorum the soldiers' game or the bandits' game. This game was extremely popular and was spread throughout Europe by the Romans. Boards have been found as far as Roman Britain. It was a war game for two players and included moving around counters representing soldiers, the object being to get one of the adversary's pieces between two of one's own.

After the Muslim conquest of Persia Shatranj spread to the Arab world. While pre-Islamic chess sets represented Elephants, Horses, Kings and Soldiers; the Islamic prohibition against image worship led to increasing abstraction in chess set design. Islamic chess pieces were therefore simple cylindrical and rectangular shapes. The game became immensely popular during Abbasid Caliphate of the 9th century. Elite players such as Al-Adli, al-Suli and Ar-Razi were called aliyat or "grandees" and played at the courts of the Caliphs and wrote about the game.

Al-Adli is known for writing Kitab ash-shatranj book of chess , a comprehensive work on the game, including history, openings, endgames and chess problems. Al-Adli also developed a system for ranking players. During the reign of the Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur — , a variant of chess known as Tamerlane chess was developed which some sources attribute to Timur himself who was known to be a fan of the game.

Various games in the Tables family were also quite popular and are known as ifranjiah in Arabic meaning "Frankish" and as Nard in Iran. Many of the early Arabic texts which refer to these games often debate the legality and morality of playing them. This debate was settled by the eighth century when all four Muslim schools of jurisprudence declared them to be Haraam forbidden , however they are still played today in many Arab countries. Polo Persian: chawgan , Arabic: sawlajan was first played in Sassanid Persia.

Notable sultans such as Saladin and Baybars were known to play it and encourage it in their court. Playing cards were imported from Asia and India and were popular during Mamluk Dynasty Egypt, featuring polo sticks, coins, swords, and cups as suits. India saw a number of games in ancient period ranging from the various dice games to other board games. The use of cubical and oblong dice was common in the Indus Valley Harappan civilization c. Archaeological excavations have found gambling dice in monasteries and other Buddhist sites.

The earliest textual mention of games in India is the Rig-Veda 's mention of the use of dice c. Texts such as the Mahabharata indicate that dice games were popular with Kings and royalty, and also had ceremonial purposes.

Another early reference is the list of Buddha games circa BC which is a list from the Pali Canon that Buddhist monks were forbidden to play. Chaturanga which means 'quadripartite' and also 'army' , the predecessor of Chess, possibly developed in the Indian subcontinent or Central Asia during the Kushan 30— CE or Gupta — CE periods from an amalgamation of other game features and was transmitted to Sassanid Persia where it was known as Shatranj and China through the Silk Road.

Just like the real ancient Indian army, it had pieces called elephants, chariots, horses and soldiers, and was played to devise war strategies. Historians of Chess such as Yuri Averbakh have surmised that the Greek board game petteia may have had an influence on the development of early Chaturanga. The game of Carrom is said to have originated in the Indian subcontinent. There was a finding of an ancient glass carrom board in Patiala, Punjab. Carrom gained popularity after World War I.

Adding on, the game of Snakes and Ladders was previously known as Vaikuntapaali. It has been speculated that this game was already being played in India as early as the 2 nd century AD.

Others have credited the invention of the game to Dnyaneshwar known also as Dnyandev , a Marathi saint who lived during the 13 th century AD. The board was made out of cloth or jute. A depiction of Pachisi is found in the caves of Ajanta Cavesin Maharashtra, showing that the game was quite popular in the Medieval Era. Cross and circle games such as Chaupar and Pachisi may be very old games, but so far their history has not been established prior to the 16th century.

Chaupar was a popular gambling game at the court of Mughal emperor Akbar the Great The emperor himself was a fan of the game and was known to play on a courtyard of his palace using slaves as playing pieces. Karuna Sharma of Georgia State University , in her research paper — "A visit to the mughal harem: Lives of Royal Women" [30] noted the political side of these board games played at the court. Go , also known as Weiqi , Igo , or Baduk in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, respectively , is first mentioned in the historical annal Zuo Zhuan [33] c.

In ancient China , Go was one of the four cultivated arts of the Chinese scholar gentleman , along with calligraphy , painting and playing the musical instrument guqin , and examinations of skill in those arts was used to qualify candidates for service in the bureaucracy. Go was brought to Korea in the second century BC when the Han Dynasty expanded into the Korean peninsula and it arrived in Japan in the 5th or 6th century AD and it quickly became a favorite aristocratic pastime.

Chinese Chess or Xiangqi seems to have been played during the Tang Dynasty , any earlier attestation is problematic. Several Xiangqi pieces are known from the Northern Song Dynasty It is unknown exactly how Xiangqi developed.

Playing cards or tiles were invented in China [36] as early as the 9th century during the Tang Dynasty — The modern game of Dominoes developed from early Chinese tile based games. What appears to have been the earliest references to gaming tiles are mentions of kwat pai , or "bone tiles", used in gambling, in Chinese writings no later than AD.

The pre-modern Chinese also played ball games such as Cuju which was a ball and net game similar to football, and Chuiwan , which is similar to modern golf. The most widespread of the native African games is Mancala. Mancala is a family of board games played around the world, sometimes called " sowing " games, or "count-and-capture" games, which describes the gameplay. The earliest evidence of Mancala consists of fragments of pottery boards and several rock cuts found in Aksumite in Ethiopia, Matara now in Eritrea , and Yeha also in Ethiopia , which have been dated by archaeologists to between the 6th and 7th century CE.

More than names of traditional mancala games are known, and almost invented games have been described. However, some names denote the same game, while some names are used for more than one game. Today, the game is played worldwide, with many distinct variants representing different regions of the Third World.

Archaeologist Barbara Voorhies has theorized that a series of holes on clay floors arranged in c shapes at the Tlacuachero archaeological site in Mexico's Chiapas state may be year-old dice-game scoreboards. If so this would be the oldest archaeological evidence for a game in the Americas. Dice games were popular throughout the Americas.

Patolli was one of the most popular board games played by mesoamerican peoples such as the Mayans , Toltecs and Aztecs , it was a race game played with beans or dice on square and oval-shaped boards and gambling was a key aspect of it. The Andean peoples also played a dice game which is called by the Quechua word pichca or pisca. The game may have served as a proxy for warfare and also had a major religious function.

Formal ballgames were held as ritual events, often featuring human sacrifice , though it was also played for leisure by children and even women. The indigenous North American peoples played various kinds of stickball games , which are the ancestors of modern Lacrosse.

Traditional stickball games were sometimes major events that could last several days. As many as to 1, men from opposing villages or tribes would participate. The Tafl games were a family of ancient Germanic and Celtic board games played across much of Northern Europe from earlier than CE until the 12th century. By the middle of the 10th century it was being played in Christian Spain, Italy and Southern Germany.

By , it had reached Britain and Scandinavia. The book portrays these games within an astrological context, and some game variants are astronomically designed, such as a game titled "astronomical chess", played on a board of seven concentric circles, divided radially into twelve areas, each associated with a constellation of the Zodiac. The symbolism of the text indicates that some of these games were given metaphysical significance.

Chess was also used to teach social and moral lessons by the Dominican friar Jacobus de Cessolis in his Liber de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium super ludo scacchorum 'Book of the customs of men and the duties of nobles or the Book of Chess'.

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Zulkimuro В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Malarisar В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Kazrashakar В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Grorg В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Malazuru В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Vokora В» 17.12.2019

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Re: gambling card games slavery videos

Postby Shaktisar В» 17.12.2019

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