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Gambling definition

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Gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Metilar В» 10.02.2020


This article examines the depiction of gambling in recent films. Often gambling is portrayed either very positively or very negatively. The authors found eight overlapping themes represented in these movies: 1 pathological gambling, 2 the magical skill of the professional gambler, 3 miraculous wins as happy endings, 4 gamblers are suckers, 5 gamblers cheat, 6 gambling is run by organized crime, 7 the casino heist, and 8 gambling as a symbolic backdrop to the story.

These themes suggest that the portrayal of gambling in movies has a number of interesting distortions. The discussion centres on how these distortions have an impact on efforts to accurately disseminate information about gambling to the general public. Gambling is the act of risking the loss of something of value usually money on an uncertain outcome in the hope of winning something of greater value usually money.

Gambling has often been a popular topic for myths, operas, books, songs, and in recent years, motion pictures. The current article examines images of gambling in motion pictures. The portrayal of gambling in movies is complex and shaped by social, historical, and cultural events and processes. Most people gamble as a means of entertainment. However, according to Shaffer, Hall, and Vander Bilt, , between 1. Pathological gambling PG is an addiction-like disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV American Psychiatric Association, , lists PG as an impulse control disorder that is characterized by persistent and maladaptive gambling behaviours that have disruptive consequences on familial, occupational, and social pursuits.

The availability of gambling has varied over time from unrestricted gambling to prohibition and back again see Asbury, ; Rose, According to Dement , the number of films that depict gambling has also varied over time. As shown in Figure 1 , between and only six films about gambling were produced. However, during the depression and again after the end of World War II, gambling became a popular subject in movies. In the past 10 years there appears to have been an increase in the number of gambling-related movies.

Dement's book, Going for Broke is a thorough examination of movies that depict pathological gambling. He examined a number of films in terms of the extent to which the portrayals delivered accurate and appropriate messages about problem gambling. Although some movies accurately portray the nature of pathological gambling at least during some segments, Dement found that many movies about pathological gambling had irresponsibly happy endings.

Film images in some cases reflected societal views on gambling. However, images in films may also alter societal views of gambling Dement, According to social theory theory Bandura, , people learn by observing the behaviour of other people and the outcomes of those behaviours. For example, irresponsibly happy endings in movies about pathological gambling could encourage problematic gambling. It is therefore important to examine the images of gambling presented in films to determine what distortions are present in recent movies.

Dement focused only on movies that were about problem and pathological gambling. Many films that depict gambling or have images of gambling that are not about pathological gambling per se. In this article we will extend Dement's work by looking more broadly at films about gambling. The purpose of this article is to examine gambling images in motion pictures and to find general themes that are common across a number of movies.

We examine how gambling has been depicted in recent films, and explore the messages about gambling in these films.

One key topic will be the exploration of misinformation about gambling. Gambling is a well-established recreational activity and it is not surprising that it makes its way into movies. The first and second authors are recreational gamblers who play poker and enjoy watching movies about gambling.

For balance, the third author is a non-gambler for political, psychological, and personal reasons. In examining these films we are not trying to raise an alarm about the encroachment of gambling into our society, nor are we encouraging gambling in movies. Rather, it is our hope that understanding the depiction of gambling in films will assist us in mapping out the obstacles and opportunities that might be present along the road towards greater public awareness of the potential negative side effects of gambling.

Several hundred films were considered in the process of conducting this study. Sixty-five films were viewed and discussed in this article. The authors conducted a purposive sampling of films that had a focus on gambling.

The purpose was to allow us to construct a complete understanding of gambling as seen in recent films. Most of the films listed here are relatively recent films produced within the past 20 years, but we have also listed a few older films that we felt were excellent exemplars of themes. The chart in Figure 1 summarizes the release dates of the films reviewed in this article.

The first two authors are both avid enthusiasts of movies about gambling. Many of the films we discuss are personal favourites that we have watched several times e. Some of the films reviewed in this article have been also discussed by Gluss and Smith , Dement , and Hayano Other films were suggested to us by recovering pathological gamblers, counsellors specializing in problem gambling, recreational gamblers, video rental store employees, and postings to the bulletin board of Gambling Issues International a listserve for gambling treatment professionals.

Our examination of movies was restricted to movies released in cinemas i. The authors conducted a purely exploratory study of gambling in movies. The only starting point in our exploration was Dement's discovery of irresponsible endings in films about pathological gambling. We started with this view, but wanted to look at gambling broadly defined, not just pathological gambling. In all cases, either the first or second author viewed each film. In some cases both authors viewed the same film separately.

The authors then discussed the themes that they thought were depicted in the film. The authors then collected the descriptions of movies and organized them into general themes. Dement primarily focused his examination on the irresponsible messages in many films about pathological gambling. We took a different approach and instead extracted from these films several different themes.

Following along from Dement's work, we first identified movies about pathological gambling. However, we also identified several other movies that focused more on the skill of the professional gambler. As a result we collected these together into a separate category of movies about professional or skilled gamblers. As we worked our way through this list of films, we uncovered two other themes: miraculous wins and negative stereotypes of gambling. Each time we added a movie to our list, we searched for additional themes that were emerging.

These seven categories thus completed our venture into the themes of gambling films. However, we had an additional collection of titles that did not fit into these categories. These films made reference to gambling, but were not about gambling. We collected this last assortment of movies into an eighth theme: movies in which a gambling venue or gambling activity has a symbolic function in the story. These eight themes are not distinct but overlap.

Several movies were related to more than one theme. Some of the films that we examined did not fit into any of the categories discussed in the article e. The rest of the Results section is made up of a list of themes with a description of the movies that illustrate each theme and detailed discussion of these themes. Dement identified numerous films that depicted a pathological gambler. Many of these films included accurate portrayals of problematic gambling. However this accuracy was often undermined by irresponsibly happy endings.

He is forced to fix a basketball game to pay off a gambling debt. At the end of the film, he is apprehended and goes to prison. She is murdered as a result. The Hustler Rossen, is about a showdown between two highly skilled pool players.

The main character is a skilled player, but addicted to gambling. The owner appears to be addicted to everything that one can be addicted to including gambling. Several movies have included characters who have a problem or who develop a gambling problem during the movie. However, few explore the reasons for the problem. In most cases, no explanation of the development of the problem is given whatsoever. In Owning Mahowny , we see the experiences, temptations, and thoughts that explain Dan Mahowny's Philip Hoffman's gradual slide into greater and greater levels of embezzlement.

However, the origin of Mahowny's gambling problem itself is completely unexplored. Similarly, The Gambler includes a few scenes in which Axel Freed James Caan justifies his irrational behaviour as a conscious exercise of free will and power. However, the development of the disorder per se is not explored. The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas is one of the few movies that explore the motivations for problematic gambling. Fred Flintstone feels he needs to impress Wilma because of her family's wealth.

This is followed by a casino-manipulated series of wins see Turner, , for a full review. The combination of emotional need and a series of wins intermittent reinforcement are a reasonably accurate explanation of problematic gambling. However, both Fred's addiction and his subsequent escape from gambling occur too easily. Dement describes several films about gambling problem as irresponsible because they tack on a happy ending that leaves the viewer with the impression that the gambler can win it all back.

Very few of these films ever show the gambler getting any help. Owning Mahowny shows Mahowny at the beginning and end of the movie talking to a therapist about how he will live without gambling. The movie does not show very much about the process of treatment, but the use of a treatment session to resolve the plot is a vast improvement compared to most movies in this group.

The Hustler and White Men Can't Jump are of interest because they explore problematic gambling in games of skill. Both illustrate how a highly skilled player can be a pathological gambler if he lacks emotional control. Fast Eddie loses their first tournament together because of his over confidence and his drinking.

He is emotionally crushed by the defeat.

Kenny Rogers - The Gambler, time: 3:33
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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Gagar В» 10.02.2020

Large numbers are gambling on the house price boom - a gamble they may regret if prices fall or interest rates rise. Retrieved 23 July Theme six: Organized crime runs the game The management of the casino is also portrayed in a negative light. He is also a part-time professor ppictures consumer psychology at the Centennial College.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Shakamuro В» 10.02.2020

Holmes, R. However, the development of the disorder per se is not explored. Namespaces Page Talk. Pulley seems to be a problem gambler.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Kerr В» 10.02.2020

Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking. For correspondence: Nigel E. English American Business Examples Translations.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Tauran В» 10.02.2020

Two read more the money. However, images in films may also alter societal views of gambling Dement, C2 [ I or T ] to risk moneyfor example in a game or on a horse race :. The impact of pathological gambling on gakbling spouse of the gambler. In a skill-oriented game such as poker, pool, basketball, horse racing, or sports betting, long-term success is theoretically possible.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Guzragore В» 10.02.2020

United States: United International Pictures. Introduction Gambling is the act of risking the loss of something of value usually money on an uncertain picctures in the hope of winning something of greater value usually money. Related Article s :.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Kagaran В» 10.02.2020

Retrieved 9 September Pig's law [Motion picture]. New York: Thunder Mouth Press. Beatty, W. Research shows that people are more vulnerable and how the brain can get addicted to gambling.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Arashirg В» 10.02.2020

Nigel Turner PhD, cognitive psychology, University of Western Ontario, wrote his dissertation on the psychology of figurative language. We collected this last assortment of movies into an eighth theme: movies in which a gambling venue or gambling activity has a symbolic function in the story. Defonition dogs playing poker [Motion picture]. Dictionary apps. The chart in Figure 1 summarizes the release dates of the films reviewed in this article.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Mazugore В» 10.02.2020

Characteristics of people seeking help from specialized programs for the treatment of problem gambling in Ontario. Please help by adding section headings in accordance with Wikipedia's style guidelines. Negative images of gambling still persist, but today, these are mixed in with images of incredible luck.

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Re: gambling definition slightly pictures

Postby Nisida В» 10.02.2020

These films often make the thieves seem glamorous and their theft seems justified. Thunderball [Motion picture]. Paradoxes of gambling behavior. Casino is actually about the events that led up to the end of golden age of criminal greed.

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